Aerospatial and automotive

The use of nanocomposites in vehicle parts and systems is expected to improve manufacturing speed, enhance environmental and thermal stability, promote recycling, and reduce weight. The use of nanocomposite-based parts provides stiffness, strength, and reliability comparable to or better than metals. They offer corrosion resistance, noise dampening, and enhanced modulus, thermal stability, and dimensional stability.
Nanotechnology also may hold the key to making space-flight more practical. Advances in nanomaterials could make lightweight spacecraft and a cable for the space elevator possible. By significantly reducing the amount of rocket fuel required, these advances could lower the cost of reaching orbit and traveling in space.  Aerospace industry is, therefore, one of the foremost adopters of advanced composite materials, particularly composites reinforced with carbon fiber. On the other hand, the use of composite structures in both commercial and general aviation aircraft has been increasing primarily because of the advantages composites offer over metal (e.g. lower weight, better fatigue performance, corrosion resistance, tailorable mechanical properties, better design flexibility, lower assembly costs).

Application Product or article Improved properties Nanomaterials
Automotive Car tyres
Motorcycle helmets
Automobile parts
High-power rechargeable battery systems
Thermoelectric materials
Thin-film smart solar panels
Fuel additives
High-efficiency/low-cost sensors
Chassis materials
Catalytic converters
Nano-engineering of aluminium, steel, asphalt, concrete and other cementitious materials
Higher strenght
Easier to recycle
Dimensional stability
Noise dampening
Higher thermal resistance
Impact strength
Flame retardant
Corrosion resistance
Lower thermal distortion
Barrier properties
Higher durability
Reduced weight
Reduced fuel comsumption
Easy rubber processing
Low cost
Higher flexibility
Higher electrical conductivity
Mechanical properties
Thermal properties
Water absorption
Abrasion resistance
Electrostatic discharge
Higher tensile strength
Electromagnetic interference
Infrared light resistant
Residue repellent
Carbon black
Carbon nanofibers
Carbon nanotubes
Aerospace Construction materials
Thermoelectric materials
Fuel additives
High-efficiency/low-cost sensors
Chassis materials
Catalytic converters
Lower weight
Fatigue performance
Reduced fuel comsumption
Vehicle efficiency
Corrosion resistance
Tailorable mechanical properties
Design flexibility
Lower assembly costs
Carbon fiber
Carbon nanoubes
Graphite fillers
Iron fibers